Types of Dentures
The two main types of dentures are partial and complete. Partial dentures are used when some teeth are missing that require replacement, while complete dentures are used when all the teeth are missing and require replacement. Dentures are made of a variety of materials and we can help you select the option that’s best for you.
A partial denture is a removable appliance that replaces one or more missing teeth to restore chewing function and appearance. Trauma, severe gum disease and tooth decay can lead to tooth loss, where the remaining adjacent healthy teeth can tip or move, leading to changes in appearance or other problems. Replacing missing teeth with a partial denture will prevent adjacent healthy teeth from shifting and restore the natural function and appearance of your mouth. It is designed to remain securely in place while providing a removable option to suit the needs of the person.
Full or complete dentures are designed for people who have lost all of their natural teeth. They are removable, and when in use, rely on the gums, underlying jaw bone and suction to hold them in place. Complete dentures are made with an acrylic base that fits over the gums and jawbone. The base of an upper denture is designed to cover the roof of the mouth, while a lower denture is shaped like a horseshoe to provide ample space for the tongue.
Conventional and Immediate Dentures
Conventional dentures are made when someone has been missing teeth for quite some time or if a tooth or teeth have had to be recently removed, the jawbone and gum tissue have been given time to completely heal.
Immediate dentures are designed to be placed in the mouth right after the extraction of any compromised natural teeth. The advantage of immediate dentures is you can leave the office with a full smile, not missing any teeth while your mouth is healing. This is possible through creating the dentures prior to tooth removal. Immediate dentures require relining to give the final precise fit after the bone and gum tissue has healed completely as they will change shape during the healing process.
Conventional and immediate complete dentures are removable and rely on fit and suction to hold them in the mouth. Partial dentures rely on clasps that are strategically placed on remaining teeth to hold them in place. Implant dentures offer a higher degree of support, comfort and retention in the mouth. There are two main types of complete implant dentures, an implant retained denture which is removable and an implant supported denture which is not removable but fixed in the mouth. A partial denture may also use implant(s) help secure it in the mouth. Implants are titanium components that are placed into the jawbone and serve as artificial tooth roots that are anchoring points for the denture. They draw strength from the jaw bone, help maintain and preserve the bone and provide the most stable and comfortable denture.
Getting Accustomed To Your Dentures
Whether your mouth is being fitted for complete, partial or implant dentures, getting used to the new sensations and adjusting to how artificial teeth are replacing the functions traditionally performed by natural teeth takes a period of adjustment. We will do all we can to help you make this time period as smooth and as comfortable as possible.
Care and Maintenance of your Dentures
In order to keep your dentures in pristine condition and have them last as long as possible, you will want to be diligent in their care. The type of dentures you have - partial, complete or implant - will determine the type of daily home care you will need to do. We will ensure that you are given the specific instruction you require regarding the care of your dentures.
Why choose Horizon Dental?
At Horizon Dental, our patients are our priority. We know that the partial loss of natural teeth or the unfortunate full loss of all teeth are challenging situations. We will help you overcome these challenges by determining the best solution and treatment for your mouth.